The creation of a taxonomy for organizing and classifying a diverse array of materials such those that constitute the digital archive of Portuguese Experimental Literature is a challenging task for the researchers. Our system for organizing a selected corpus combines several typologies of classification, organized in two main areas: Materialities and Transtextualities.


The medium of the items, i.e., their material nature.

Performative > Readings and other artistic practices which are performed live with the possibility of audience participation: Audio recordings, Photographs, Video recordings of live Performances, Readings and Plays, as well as their Preparatory texts.

Planographic > Bidimensional works presented on flat surfaces using various techniques of inscription: Calligraphies, Collages, Drawings, Paintings, Printing, Digital Printing, Electrographies, Engravings, Letraset, Letterpress, Serigraphies, Stencils, and Typescripts.

Digital > Works produced by computational processes (generative, permutational, intermedia, etc.), as well as their related documents: Codes, Emulations, Preparatory texts, Printed texts, Recreations, and Rereadings.

Three-dimensional > Permanent or ephemeral three-dimensional works presented or installed in art galleries, buildings, parks, and other private or public spaces: Artists’ Books, Assemblages, Installations (Photographs, Preparatory Texts), Object-poems, Sculptures.

Phonographic > Works that were originally conceived as sound recordings, as well as related documents: Typescripts, Phonograms, Scores, and Preparatory texts.

Videographic > Works that were originally conceived as videopoems or other kinds of videoworks, as well as related documents: Storyboards, Videograms (Preparatory texts, Photographs), Videograms.


System of “relations” which includes reflexive manifestations of the symbolic systems involved.

Autograph MetatextualitiesTexts about the works and artistic practices produced by the authors themselves: Afterwords, Articles in Magazines and Journals, Articles in Newspapers, Books and Monographs, Chapters in Books, Critical Essays, Documentaries, Interviews, Introductions, Manifestos, Prefaces, Reviews, Theses and Dissertations.

Alograph MetatextualitiesTexts about the works and artistic practices produced by agents other than the authors: Afterwords, Articles in Magazines and Journals, Articles in Newspapers, Books and Monographs, Chapters in Books, Critical Essays, Documentaries, Interviews, Introductions, Prefaces, Reviews, Theses and Dissertations.

ParatextualitiesTextual elements that help to frame works and artistic practices: Catalogues, Covers, and Posters.

HypertextualitiesTexts that are explicitly derived from other texts: Citations – textual fragments from different sources -, Parodies and pastiches, as well as all texts that rewrite or explicitly refer other texts.

Future developments

The projects that made possible the creation of the PO.EX Digital Archive ended in February 2012. And thus, funding from FCT and EU, which has allowed us to contract services, human resources (scholarships, consultants), and dissemination (missions) has ended as well. While new forms of funding does not arise, maintenance and ongoing management of this Archive is guaranteed by Rui Torres, with the unconditional support, friendship and patience of the authors represented here. (Thank you!) is a member of CELL-Consortium on Electronic Literature, of the ELO-Electronic Literature Organization. The Consortium on Electronic Literature is an initiative aimed at developing partnerships among organizations, universities, and publishers for the purpose of sharing research in the area of electronic literature. CELL stems from a desire to establish cooperative communication among databases devoted to electronic literature worldwide. In a word, the goal of CELL is interoperability.

Members of CELL :

  • ebr – Electronic Book Review
  • ELMCIP – Electronic Literature as a Model of Creativity and Innovation in Practice
  • Hermeneia – The Literary Studies and Digital Technologies Research Group
  • I ♥ E-Poetry
  • LIKUMED – LIteratur KUnst und neue MEDien
  • NT2 – The Canadian Directory of Electronic Literatures
  • PO.EX – PO.EX’70-80 – Digital Archive of Portuguese Experimental Literature

Representants of in CELL:

This project also has the institutional support of the Gabinete de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento da Investigação of UFP.

And what now, José? > Now we are motivated to continue. So we are interested in finding new partnerships and fundings in order to ensure a sustainable development of this Digital Archive…

Interested in knowing more about this project? Read some of the recommendations, reviews and references we are receiving. Or build a list of all the articles available here with references to the PO.EX Archive.


This area of the Digital Archive of PO.EX aims to disseminate exhibitions, shows, cycles and other activities related to Portuguese Experimental Poetry.

Ana Hatherly: Anagram of Writing

The «Ana Hatherly: Anagram of Writing» cycle took place at Cais do Sodré, Lisbon, between 06-30-2016 and 06-07-2016, during the Festival Silêncio 2016, having as Commissioner Manuel Portela.


Presentation and Remixing of the Digital Archive of Portuguese Experimental Literature. Five (5) sessions with debate and audiovisual remix by Retroescavadora – an artistic intervention collective. Guests: André Sier, Bruno Ministro. First Saturdays from January to May 2015, at 5:00 p.m., at Livraria Gato Vadio, Porto.

Collective Exhibits

Collective exhibits involving authors or works related to experimental poetry, in museums, galleries or other spaces.

EV.EX – Experimental Évora

A co-production between Oficina do Espírito and Évora City Council in support of Évora’s candidacy for European Capital of Culture 2027.

Individual Exhibits

Individual exhibits of authors related to experimental poetry, in various museums, galleries and other spaces.

In the PO.EX Writings

The cycle “In the PO.EX Writings” took place in Casa da Escrita, in Coimbra, between 2012 and 2013, having as Commissioner Jorge Pais de Sousa.

Guided Tours to the Archive

The PO.EX Spaces section invites researchers, digital curators and other interested parties to use the works available in this Archive for the creation of virtual exhibitions.

Credits, Funding, Copyright

Principal Researcher  > Rui Torres

Researchers > Pedro Reis, Pedro Barbosa, Maria do Carmo Castelo Branco, Elisa Costa, Elsa Simões, José Manuel Torres, Nuno M. Ribeiro, Ana C. Moutinho, Eduardo Paz Barroso, Manuel Portela, Débora Silva, Fabiano Correa da Silva, João Donga and Maria do Céu Melro.

Consultants > E. M. de Melo e Castro, Sérgio Bairon, Fernando Aguiar, Jorge Luiz Antonio, Pedro Barbosa, Johanna Drucker and Christopher Funkhouser.

Research Fellows > Raquel Monteiro, Rodrigo Melo, Ciro Miranda, André Seixas, Andreia Alexandra Nogueira, Diogo Gomes, Helena Marinho, Alexandre Rocha and André Carvalho. team >

Authors [cf. full list with links] > Abílio-José Santos (1926-1992), Álvaro Neto/Liberto Cruz, Américo Rodrigues, Ana Hatherly, Antero de Alda, António Aragão (1921-2008), António Barros, António Dantas, António Nelos, Armando Macatrão, César Figueiredo, E. M. de Melo e Castro, Emerenciano, Fernando Aguiar, Gabriel Rui Silva, Jorge dos Reis, José-Alberto Marques, Manuel Portela, Pedro Barbosa, Salette Tavares (1922-1994) and Silvestre Pestana.

Friends of the project > In addition to the authors, researchers, consultants and scholarship holders of the projects, we would like to thank some people who have contributed positively to the development of Alckmar dos Santos, Alegna Cammarano, Alexandra Antunes, Anabela G. e Bruno C. (and family of Abílio-José Santos), Ana Santos (LabTV – UFP), aranhiças & elefantes, Audrei de Carvalho, Catarina Figueiredo Cardoso, Charles Baldwin, Cláudio Fajardo, Claus Cluver, Daniel Pires (Maus Hábitos), Eugenio Tisselli, Eunice Ribeiro, Friedrich W. Block, Gloria Bordons, Isabel Basto, João Fernandes, José Bacelar, Laura Borràs, Lis Costa, Luís Aly, Luís Carlos Petry, Mandrágora, Marcos Aragão Correia (son of António Aragão), Miguel Azguime, Nuno F. Ferreira, Nuno M Cardoso, Philippe Bootz, Salette Brandão (daughter of Salette Tavares, Scott Rettberg, Sónia Oliveira (Serralves Library) and University Fernando Pessoa.

Copyright > The documents available in the PO.EX Digital Archive [texts, images, sounds, videos, software] are digital representations of works with clearly identified authors. These authors, or their legal representatives, have authorized the reproduction/presentation of those documents here, but they are the only legal copyright holders of the works. The (re)use of works reproduced here thus implies an explicit authorization by the authors that you, dear reader, must get. While we can, in some cases, assist you and facilitate such contacts, we hold no liability for unauthorized publications.